Practical International Data Management Online

Writing systems/scripts

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Practical International Data Management - Writing Systems/Scripts

Much of the information below is taken from The Global Sourcebook for International Data Management External

The languages of the world, where there is a written version, are written in a number of different scripts, written in different directions across the page. This chapter shows some of these scripts and some of the (living) languages written in those scripts. Note: some languages are written in different scripts according to context (e.g. for secular or religious use) or geography (with different scripts used in different countries).

There are several types of writing system:

ISO 15924 External assigns a 4-letter code to scripts.

Written left to right and read from top to bottom of the page

Armenian External

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Used for: Armenian External

ISO 15924 code: Armn

Bantawa External (Kirat Rai)

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Used for: Bantawa Rai External

Bassa External (Vah)

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Used for: Bassa External

ISO 15924 code: Bass

Bengali External

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Used for: Bengali External

ISO 15924 code: Beng

Borama

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Used for: Somali External. May be extinct.

Buhid External

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Used for: Buhid External

ISO 15924 code: Buhd

Canadian aboriginal syllabics External

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Used for: Cree External, Ojibwe External, Naskapi External, Inuktitut External, Blackfoot External, Sayisi, Carrier External

ISO 15924 code: Cans

Chakma External

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Used for: Chakma External

ISO 15924 code: Cakm

Cham External

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Used for: Cham External

ISO 15924 code: Cham

Cherokee External

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Used for: Cherokee External

ISO 15924 code: Cher

Cyrillic External

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Used for: Belarusian External, Bulgarian External, Judaeo-Spanish, Kazakh External, Macedonian External, Mongolian External, Russian External, Serbian External, Tajiki External, Ukrainian External

ISO 15924 code: Cyrl

Dehong Dai External

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Used for: Dehong Dai

Devangari External

Eskayan External

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Used for: Eskayan

Ethiopic External

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Used for: Ethiopian Semitic languages (e.g. Amharic External, Blin, Ge'ez External, Harari External, Me'en External, Oromo External, Tigré External)

ISO 15924 code: Ethi

Fraser External

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Used for: Lisu External

Georgian External

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Used for: Georgian External, Laz External, Mingrelian External, Svan External

ISO 15924 code: Geor

Greek External

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Used for: Greek External, Judaeo-Spanish

ISO 15924 code: =Grek

Gujarati External

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Used for: Avestan External, Gujarati External, Kutchi, Sanskrit External

ISO 15924 code: Gujr

Gurmukhi External

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Used for: Braj Bhasha External, Khariboli, Sanskrit External, Sindhi External

ISO 15924 code: Guru

Hanunó’o External

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Used for: Hanunó’o External

ISO 15924 code: Hano

Kannada External

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Used for: Kannada External, Konkani External, Tulu External

ISO 15924 code: Knda

Kayah Li External

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Used for: Western Kayah External, Karenni, Karennyi, Red Karen, Yang Daeng or Karieng Daeng.////

ISO 15924 code: Kali

Khmer External

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Used for: Khmer External

ISO 15924 code: Khmr

Korean (Hangul) External

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Used for: Korean External, Cia-Cia External

ISO 15924 code: Kore

Lanna External

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Used for: Northern Thai External (Kam Mu'ang), Tai Lue, Khün External

Lao External

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Used for: Lao External

ISO 15924 code: Laoo

Latin External

Lepcha External

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Used for: Lepcha External

ISO 15924 code: Lepc

Limbu External

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Used for: Limbu External

ISO 15924 code: Limb

Malayalam External

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Used for: Konkani External, Malayalam External, Sanskrit External, Tulu External

ISO 15924 code: Mlym

Manipuri External (Meetei Mayek)

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Used for: Manipuri

Myanmar External

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Used for: Burmes External

ISO 15924 code: Mymr

Ndjuká External (Aukan)

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Used for: Ndjuká (Aukan) External

New Tai Lue External

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Used for: Tai Lü

Nsibidi

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Used for: Ekoid, Efik/Ibibio External, Igbo External

Ol Chiki External

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Used for: Santali External

ISO 15924 code: Olck

Oriya External

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Used for: Oriya External

ISO 15924 code: Orya

Osmanya External

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Used for: Somali External

ISO 15924 code: Osma

Pahawh Hmong External

Pollard Miao External

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Used for: Hwa Miao

ISO 15924 code: Plrd

Shan External

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Used for: Shan External

Sinhala External

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Used for: Sinhala External

ISO 15924 code: Sinh

Sorang Sompeng External

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Used for: Sora External

ISO 15924 code: Sora

Tagbanwa External (Apurahuano)

Tai Dam External

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Used for: Tai Dam External

Tai Le

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Used for: Tai Nüa External

ISO 15924 code: Tale

Tamil External

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Used for: Tamil External, Sanskrit External, Saurashtra External

ISO 15924 code: Taml

Telugu External

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Used for: Telugu External

ISO 15924 code: Telu

Thai External

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Used for: Thai External

ISO 15924 code: Thai

Tibetan External

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Used for: Balti External, Dzongkha External, Ladakhi External, Sikkimese External, Tibetan External

ISO 15924 code: Tibt

Tifinagh External

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Used for: Tuareg

ISO 15924 code: Tfng

Vai External

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Used for: Vai External

ISO 15924 code: Vaii

Varang Kshiti External

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Used for: Ho External

ISO 15924 code: Wara

Yi External

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Used for: Yi

ISO 15924 code: Yiii

Written right to left and read from top to bottom of the page

Arabic External

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Used for: Azeri External (in Iran), Arabic External, Baluchi External (in Iran), Bedawi External, Berber, Comorian External, Dari External, Fula External, Garshuni, Hausa External, Karakalpak External (in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan), Kashmiri External, Kazakh External (in Pakistan, Iran, China, and Afghanistan), Kurdish External, Kyrgyz External, Pashtun External, Persian External, Punjabi, Saraiki, Sindhi External, Tajik External (in China), Turkmen External, Urdu External, Uyghur External, Uzbek External (in Afghanistan), Wadaad, Wolof External

ISO 15924 code: Arab

Hebrew External

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Used for: Hebrew External, Judeo-Arabic, Ladino External, Yiddish External

ISO 15924 code: Hebr

N’Ko External

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Used for: Bambara, Dioula, Mandinka External

ISO 15924 code: Nkoo

Syriac External

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Used for: Aramaic

ISO 15924 code: Syrc

Thaana External

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Used for: Dhivehi

ISO 15924 code: Thaa

Written top to bottom, read from left to right on the page

Kalmyk-Oirat External

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Used for: Kalmyk External

Manchu External

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Used for: Manchu External, Sibe External, Xibo External

Mongolian External

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Used for: Evenki External, Mongolian External. Mongolian also uses the Cyrillic script.

ISO 15924 code: Mong

Phags-pa External

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Used for: Chinese External, Mongolian External, Sanskrit External, Tibetan External, Uyghur External

ISO 15924 code: Phag

Written top to bottom, read from right to left or from left to right of the page

Chinese External

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Used for: Dong External, Gan, Guanhua (Mandarin), Hakka, Huizhou, Jin, Min, Ping, Wu, Yue (Cantonese), Xiang, Zhuang External

ISO 15924 code: Hani

Written top to bottom, read from right to left on the page; or written from left to right and read from top to bottom of the page

Japanese ( Hirigana External, Kanji, Kana, Katakana External)

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Used for: Japanese External

ISO 15924 code: Jpan

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